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Response to South Sudan refugee arrivals in Kenya, Revision 1 – KEN141
Appeal Target: US$ 2,123,291
Less pledges/contributions: US$ 208,873
Balance Requested: US$ 1,914,508
Geneva, 23 May 2014
(The ACT Appeal KEN141 has revised the LWF component of the appeal to shift some expenditure from the construction of school/classroom into water provision. This shift was extremely urgent to reflect the changing in needs and to prioritize the response due to the increased number of refugees beyond the planning figure of 20,000. The current number of refugees is 35,000 and it is expected to rise. Please note that the NCCK component remains unchanged and that the budgets, project duration and reporting dates remain the same for both.)
During the last months of 2013 there was a growing tension within the South Sudanese ruling party, the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM). President Salva Kiir reorganized his entire cabinet in July, including the dismissal of his Vice President, Riek Machar. On the evening of the 15th of December 2013, violence erupted in Juba when Mr. Kiir accused Mr. Machar of staging a coup.
Since then about 650,000 people have been internally displaced (UN OCHA) and another 125,000 have fled South Sudan seeking refuge in the neighbouring countries of Sudan, Uganda, Kenya and Ethiopia. An unknown number of people have been killed; most estimates are more than 10,000’. The violence killings have in many places been ethnically based with clashes between Dinka and Nuer tribes.
A ceasefire agreement has been signed between the Government and the opposition on January 23rd. The agreement includes a commitment to halt fighting. The ceasefire specifically highlight that both sides must "refrain” from attacking civilians, carrying out summary executions and using child soldiers. It also commits both sides to an ‘all-inclusive dialogue’ and national reconciliation. The implementation of the agreement has been shaky and the ceasefire is fragile. Clashes have continued in several places, and people continue to flee from the country.
ACT members in Kenya continue to meet and to coordinate with UNICEF, WFP and UNHCR in Kakuma. The contingency plan for UNHCR is for 30-50,000 refugees expected in Kenya. LWF and NCCK Kakuma programs together with the UN and other partners in Kakuma have agreed to initially prepare for an influx of 20,000 refugees during the first quarter of 2014. By the end of January 2014 about 14,000 refugees had already arrived and to date the number is 37,000, hence the revision of the appeal.
The overall goal of the response in Kenya is to receive and support arriving refugees at Kakuma refugee camp and at the border point of Nadapal. LWF is responding in Child Protection, Reception Center Management, Water and Emergency Education while the NCCK is focusing on shelter. Both LWF and NCCK have long standing agreements as implementing partners of the UNHCR and is part of the coordination of the response at Kakuma.
A majority of the people being displaced are children, often traumatized by violence and many times separated or unaccompanied. On arrival at Kakuma refugee camp they are supported by the ACT members, LWF and NCCK, who provide for basic needs like non-food items, shelter, water, care for the children through child protection activities and emergency education.
For the full appeal document, please click here.