TACLOBAN, Philippines, Nov 5 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Typhoon Haiyan, the strongest storm on record to ever hit land, struck the central Philippines on Nov. 8, 2013, and swept away practically everything in its path.
Here are some facts and figures about the typhoon and how people are recovering one year after the storm.
- Haiyan was the deadliest disaster of 2013, leaving 7,200 people dead or missing. The seven-metre storm surges destroyed about 90 percent of the capital of Leyte province, Tacloban, which has a population of about 220,000.
- Up to 16 million people were affected, including 4 million who were displaced from their homes. Some 1.1 million homes were damaged.
- One year on, the United Nations estimates that about 95,000 households (475,000 people) are living in unsafe or inadequate makeshift shelters, and are highly vulnerable because of their limited ability to recover without further assistance.
- The Philippines government has a six-year, $3.80 billion master plan to rebuild devastated areas, construct about 200,000 homes and provide more sustainable jobs for 2.6 million people living below the poverty line.
- Almost a year after the disaster, the mayor of Tacloban, one of the worst-affected cities, said that fewer than 100 of 14,500 promised permanent homes have been built. He also said 3,000 people were still living in danger zones, including many in tents.
- As of September this year, the government has completed about six km of 116 km of damaged major roads, six of 43 damaged ports, 213 of 19,600 classrooms and three of 34 bridges.
- The United Nations has received a total of $845 million, including cash and in-kind donations. Private individuals and organisations have been the most charitable donors, providing $190 million, followed by the United Kingdom with $123 million.
(Sources: Reuters, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, the Office of Presidential Assistant for Rehabilitation and Recovery, National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council)
(Reporting by Thin Lei Win, editing by Alisa Tang)
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