By Laurie Goering
LONDON, March 6 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Karin Wanngård, the mayor of Stockholm, rides an electric bike to work each morning – at least when it is not snowing too heavily.
She also wears second-hand clothing – a trendy move in Stockholm, she says – and eats less meat than she used to. It is all part of her contribution to meeting an ambitious goal she set for her city: eliminating all use of coal, oil and other fossil fuels by 2040.
"Leadership is really important when you want to make things happen," said the 41-year-old, who has run Sweden's capital city since 2014. "You can always have politicians making nice speeches but when it comes to action you need to have leadership."
Around the world, cities are increasingly at the forefront of action to curb climate change. Some, like Stockholm, have set ambitious emissions reduction goals, while others have pushed ahead with climate policies despite national policy reversals, such as under President Donald Trump in the United States.
Increasingly, many of the cities leading on climate change – Paris, Washington, Sydney, Cape Town – are run by women.
In two years, the number of women leading large cities that are at the forefront of climate action has risen from four to 16, according to the C40 Cities network of more than 80 cities committed to addressing climate change, which is organising a conference for women leaders in New York this month.
"Men are also really great on topics like (climate change)," Wanngård told the Thomson Reuters Foundation in a telephone interview.
But most women "look to our children and we really strive forward", said the mayor who has a 7-year-old daughter and 3-year-old son.
FEWER CARS, HIGHER STANDARDS
In Stockholm, action to curb climate change is evident nearly everywhere. A 10-year-old congestion charge has cut car traffic, and the city is experimenting with closing some streets to traffic for part of the summer, leaving them free for pedestrians.
The city announced last month that it would shut its oldest coal power plant by 2022 – "that's really soon in this business", Wanngård said – and replace it with a plant that uses biogas from composted household waste.
Stockholm also is on the verge of signing a contract with a large company that would build a plant there and sell the city its waste manufacturing heat. That could be fed into a set of pipes to provide heating to homes and businesses as part of the city's "district heating" system, the mayor said.
The city's rules for energy efficiency and other green features in new apartment buildings are tougher than elsewhere in Sweden – a source of irritation to some builders.
"Big companies say it would be easier for us if we had the same policies overall (across Sweden). I just tell them I can make sure our higher standards will become the policy for all Sweden – and then they are quiet," Wanngård said.
"So far citizens are really on our side," she said – even if some drivers do gripe about city streets being closed in summer. "All our citizens are really aware we need to push the boundaries to fulfill our goals," she said.
When it comes to setting ambitious policy, "you need to take the bold decisions and accept the debate and then later on it will kind of cool down", she said.
The mayor, who became interested in climate policy after reading statements by former U.S. Vice President Al Gore and economist Jeffrey Sachs, among others, began pushing for climate action in Stockholm as a city councilor. Now, "I can do even more", she said.
She has had help from some unusual allies, including Sweden's royal family. At the Nobel Prize giving ceremony in Stockholm last December, both Queen Silvia and Crown Princess Victoria pointedly wore dresses made of recycled material.
"When it comes to people like that, who have the possibility to buy really, really expensive dresses and they go for recycled fabric, that starts a trend and everyone wants to do the same," Wanngård said.
President Trump's promises to shift away from action on climate change in the United States are hugely worrying because "when the U.S. president says this is not important, it makes a statement", she said.
But around the world, cities – including many in the United States – are taking "bold decisions every day" to combat climate change, she said. "And when you have done that once, it's easier the second time and the third and the fourth."
Next on Wanngård's agenda is travel. She wants to encourage Stockholmers to cut their emissions while on holiday – and ask visitors to Stockholm to do their part too, she said.
She is encouraged that Sweden's national government now has set a deadline to eliminate fossil fuels by 2045, noting that Stockholm "doesn't hold any copyright" on good ideas.
"This is about our planet," she said. "If we do nothing, or continue as we did yesterday, it will be really tricky for our grandchildren to survive. That's what this is all about."
(Reporting by Laurie Goering @lauriegoering; editing by Alex Whiting:; Please credit the Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charitable arm of Thomson Reuters, that covers humanitarian news, climate change, resilience, women's rights, trafficking and property rights. Visit http://news.trust.org/climate)