(Adds further comments about Powell)
By Howard Schneider and Jeff Mason
WASHINGTON, Oct 11 (Reuters) - U.S. President Donald Trump launched a second day of criticism against the Federal Reserve on Thursday, calling its interest rate increases a "ridiculous" policy that was making it more expensive for his administration to finance its escalating deficits.
"I'm paying interest at a high rate because of our Fed. And I'd like our Fed not to be so aggressive because I think they're making a big mistake," Trump said in a Thursday morning interview on Fox & Friends.
It was his second broadside against the U.S. central bank in the last 24 hours, following a sell-off on Wall Street partly attributed to investors fully adjusting to the central bank's steady rate increases, and an uptick in particular in yields on long-term U.S. Treasury bonds that are an important, more secure alternative to stock investments.
The president's remarks were quickly qualified by National Economic Council Director Larry Kudlow, who said the Fed was "on target" in policies that were responding to a strong economy.
The rise in interest rates is "a sign of economic health, that is something to be welcome and not feared," Kudlow said on CNBC. "The president is not dictating policy to the Fed...They are independent. They are going to do what they are going to do."
Trump himself later told reporters he would not try to oust Powell, Trump's handpicked successor to former Fed chair Janet Yellen, and a well-regarded insider in moderate Republican circles. He took over just eight months ago, largely continuing policies set in motion by Yellen.
Past U.S. presidents have criticized the central bank, but the recent run of invective was unusual even for Trump. Since the close of Wednesday's trading session on Wall Street he has called the Fed "crazy," "loco," "ridiculous," and "too cute," while saying its rate increases are "too aggressive," and "a big mistake." U.S. stocks opened lower on Thursday but seesawed between losses of as much as a percentage point and small gains.
Though the Fed has been raising its overnight target policy rate, a benchmark for lending costs overall, the current level of between 2 and 2.25 percent remains just half the average set by the Fed between 1990 and the start of the 2007 to 2009 recession.
"The problem that I have is with the Fed. The Fed is going wild. I mean I don't know what their problem is but they are raising interest rates and it's ridiculous," Trump said late Wednesday night. "The problem in my opinion is Treasuries and the Fed. The Fed is going loco and there is no reason for them to do it and I'm not happy about it."
A Fed official said the central bank would not comment on the president's remarks.
Global economic leaders including International Monetary Fund head Christine Lagarde came to the Fed's defense, noting that the independence of monetary policy from the influence of elected officials has become a touchstone of effective economic governance, and helps prevent politicians from using cheap money to further their own interests. At IMF meetings in Bali, Lagarde said she "would not associate" Fed chair Jerome Powell "with craziness."
The Fed raised interest rates last month, and is expected to do so again in December. Fed officials including Powell, Trump's handpicked chair, have said pointedly that they will not be influenced by comments from elected officials, and will make decisions based on economic data.
That has so far been strong enough to warrant steady rate hikes, a sign from the Fed's perspective of an economy that has recovered more completely from the 2007 to 2009 financial crisis. At just over 2 percent, the Fed's short-term policy rate remains low by historic standards, and most indexes of borrowing costs and credit flows still regard broader financial conditions as "loose" and conducive to economic growth.
The yield on the 10-year U.S. Treasury note has risen to around 3.1 percent from around 2.1 percent over the past year.
The gradually rising rates, Fed officials say, are meant to guard against any quick run-up in inflation, while remaining low enough so far for the recovery and a strong run of job growth to continue.
The policy could eventually bite harder into parts of the economy that are both sensitive to interest rates and connected to politically important industries, such as autos and home construction and sales.
(Reporting by Doina Chiacu, Susan Heavey, Howard Schneider and Jeff Mason; Editing by Andrea Ricci)
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