By Naimul Karim
DHAKA, May 10 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - The rape and murder of a nurse in Bangladesh just weeks after a female student was burned to death has sparked ongoing protests and renewed calls for greater protection for women in the South Asian country.
Shahinoor Akhter Tania, 24, who worked as a nurse in a hospital in Dhaka, according to a medical report, was raped and pushed off a bus, while heading towards her hometown in Kishoreganj, about 100 kilometers away, on Monday.
The police have since arrested five individuals but are still investigating the incident.
Tania's death comes as the country is still reeling over the killing of Nusrat Jahan, a student burnt to death last month for not withdrawing a sexual harassment complaint, according to the police, leading to protests calling for women's safety.
"We should be treating this as something of the highest national priority, not just in terms of arresting people but in terms of making sure another woman doesn't go through it," said Sara Hossain, a Bangladeshi lawyer and a human rights activist.
"Nusrat's case was very extreme. But why do these cases keep on happening? One of the reasons is the kind of impunity that exists, so people can get away (with these crimes)," she added.
About 950 women were victims of rape last year, according to a study conducted by the Bangladesh Mahila Parishad, a women's rights organisation in Dhaka.
"The number is on the increase. In April this year, we found 401 cases of violence against women, out of which many were rape cases," Maleka Banu, general secretary of the group told Thomson Reuters Foundation.
"We say that women can work, but when they step outside, this is the kind of things they have to face. You can't solve this problem by addressing individual issues, we need to address this problem in totality," she said.
Following Tania's death, protests took place this week in both Kishoreganj and Dhaka.
The police have arrested the driver and the conductor of the bus Tania was traveling on, but have refused to comment on the event before their investigation is completed.
The medical team that examined Tania's body said it believes that the 24-year-old was raped.
"There was injury in the vaginal region and it was also bleeding. There were defensive wounds and bruises on her face, hand and neck," said Dr. Habibur Rahman, Kishoreganj's civil surgeon, quoting the preliminary autopsy report.
"We believe that she died because of the wound behind her head. We feel that that took place because she was pushed out of the bus. We will be conducting more tests," added Rahman.
The youngest among six siblings, Tania, according to her brother, was the "brightest amongst them."
"My mother passed away in December. Tania wanted to come home to spend the first few days of Ramadan with my father because she knew he felt lonely," Shafiqul Islam Sujon, Tania's elder brother said.
"She had the knack to win over people's hearts, no matter who she talked to. She took care of us both mentally and financially. And now she is gone. My heart pains whenever I think about her," Sujon said. (Reporting by Naimul Karim; Editing by Jason Fields; Please credit the Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charitable arm of Thomson Reuters, that covers that covers humanitarian news, women's and LGBT+ rights, human trafficking, property rights, and climate change. Visit http://news.trust.org)
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