FACTBOX-How Sudan and South Sudan shape up militarily

Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation - Thu, 19 Apr 2012 11:11 GMT
Author: Reuters
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April 19 (Reuters) - In a rousing speech to supporters, Sudan's President Omar Hassan al-Bashir on Thursday vowed to give South Sudan's leaders a "final lesson" by force, as clashes over the disputed Heglig oil-producing region edged the two neighbours ever closer to war.

Sudan's army is far better equipped than South Sudan's, but the south has battle-hardened fighters who are veterans of decades of guerrilla civil war.

Here is a look at the two countries' military capabilities according to the International Institute for Strategic Studies report, "Military Balance 2012":

SOUTH SUDAN

* PERSONNEL: South Sudan has around 140,000 military personnel all of whom are in the army.

* MAIN BATTLE TANKS: The force includes over 110 main battle tanks made up of some T-55 and 110 T-72s.

* ARTILLERY: The military holds 69 pieces of artillery including 24 self-propelled 122mm guns. There are also 15 BM-21 122mm multiple rocket launchers. South Sudan also has more than 30 82mm mortars.

* AIR FORCE: South Sudan has one Beech 1900 light transport aircraft as well as nine Mi-17 multi-role helicopters and one Mi-172 transport helicopter.

SUDAN

* PERSONNEL: Sudan has 109,300 military personnel. Sudan also has a paramilitary force of 17,500, which is the military wing of National Islamic Front.

* ARMY: The country has a regular army of 85,000 and 20,000 conscripts.

* MAIN BATTLE TANKS: Sudan's force has 390 main battle tanks including 20 M-60 A3s and 60 Type-59/Type 59D and 300 T-54/T-55s.

* LIGHT TANKS: It also has 115 light tanks, 70 Type-63 and 45 Type-63. The force also includes 412 armoured personnel carriers.

* ARTILLERY: Sudan has 778 pieces of artillery including 20 self-propelled and 123 towed. Sudan has 635 multiple rocket launchers including 477 107mm Type-63's.

* NAVY: Sudan's navy has 1,300 personnel. It has four patrol and coastal combatants and seven amphibious landing craft.

* AIR FORCE: There are 3,000 personnel. Sudan has 61 combat capable aircraft including 23 fighter aircraft consisting of 21 MiG-29SE/ Fulcrum and two MiG-29SE/ Fulcrum UB.

There are 26 attack aircraft including 15 A-5 Fantans and nine Su 25 Frogfoot. Sudan also has 23 transport aircraft.

* HELICOPTERS: 29 Attack helicopters including 15 Mi-24 Hind and about five multiple-role Mi-17 Hip H helicopters.

* AIR DEFENCE: 90 towed S-75 Dvina Surface to Air Missiles.

Sources: Reuters/IIS Military Balance 2012

(Reporting by David Cutler, London Editorial Reference Unit)