* Mexico, with 46,688 deaths, now ahead of Britain
* Colombia has passed 10,000 death benchmark (Recasts with Mexico in third place, adds new figures)
By Adriana Barrera
MEXICO CITY, July 31 (Reuters) - Mexico surpassed Britain as the country with the third-highest coronavirus death toll on Friday, as the pandemic reaches new milestones in Latin America and threatens to disrupt efforts to reopen the region's reeling economies.
The record places Mexico behind Brazil, Latin America's largest and most populous nation, and the United States. More than 91,000 people have died in Brazil, and the U.S. death toll has topped 152,000.
Mexico on Friday recorded 688 fatalities to bring its death toll to 46,688, with 424,637 confirmed cases.
The United Kingdom has recorded 46,204 deaths and 304,793 cases, according to a tally by Johns Hopkins University.
Mexican officials say the pandemic is likely far more extensive than official figures reflect.
The rising tolls have cemented Latin America's status as one of the epicenters of the virus. Cases in the region have doubled over the past month to more than 4.7 million infections.
Colombia, where lockdowns are planned through the end of August, passed the 10,000 death benchmark on Friday, tallying 10,105 fatalities. The Andean country is expected to reach 300,000 total cases over the weekend.
While the United Kingdom appears to have put the brakes on the virus, the pandemic shows few signs of slowing in Mexico, which has been trying to restart the economy since late May.
"We're opening when we're not yet ready to open," said Rosa Maria del Angel, head of Infectomics and Molecular Pathogenesis at Mexico's National Polytechnic Institute.
Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, who angered some health advocates by refusing to wear a mask in public, said on Friday that Mexico plans to go ahead with Independence Day celebrations in the capital's massive Zocalo Square.
The Sept. 16 ceremony that celebrates a historic call to revolt known as "El Grito" would be "socially distanced," Lopez Obrador told his daily morning press conference.
"Faced with adversity, with epidemics, with floods, earthquakes, bad governments, we always go out" to celebrate, he said. "Now we're going to continue going out."
Lopez Obrador has chastised news organizations for reporting Mexico's rise up the ranks of the global death tally, saying the toll per capita is a fairer representation.
Mexico City Mayor Claudia Sheinbaum said on Friday the capital would remain at the second-highest alert phase for reopening economic and social activities, after last week warning of a possible surge in cases by October.
The city could still return to tougher measures, she told reporters. "Let's not get ahead of ourselves." (Reporting by Adriana Barrera; Additional reporting by Daina Beth Solomon, Raul Cortes Fernandez and David Alire Garcia in Mexico City, Julia Symmes Cobb in Bogota; Writing by Drazen Jorgic; Editing by Daniel Wallis and Leslie Adler)
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