By Andrew Hay and Emilie Richardson
TAOS, N.M., PINE RIDGE, S.D., Oct 8 (Reuters) - It is a jump from doing office paperwork to building solar power systems but that is the leap Lorraine Nez is taking to bring renewable energy to her Native American reservation.
Nez was one of a dozen Native trainees who took a month-long course this summer on South Dakota's Pine Ridge Reservation to become certified solar power installers and trainers.
The students from six tribes are among Native Americans tapping into vast renewable energy potential https://clearworld.us/solar-energy-on-native-american-lands-has-huge-potential on tribal lands and fighting economic inequalities holding back access to clean power.
"This is still a new industry, there are not many people out here in this world with any type of knowledge," said Nez, 44, a former nurse with a degree in business management, who is from the Rosebud Sioux reservation, South Dakota and lives in Rapid City, South Dakota where she works in medical billing.
Native Americans are ten times https://www.eia.gov/renewable/pdfpages/neaf0001index.php more likely to not have electricity than the national average and, as people of color far less likely to have solar power https://www.greentechmedia.com/articles/read/report-finds-wide-racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-rooftop-solar, after 20th century rural electrification bypassed some of their communities, studies have shown.
To help build tribal energy independence, training group Solar Energy International https://www.solarenergy.org has partnered with non-profit Red Cloud Renewable https://www.redcloudrenewable.org to teach students to assemble off-grid systems for isolated homes or grid-connected arrays to cut bills.
These "solar warriors" hope to supply power to areas like the Navajo Nation, where around 25% of homes lack electricity, and cut energy bills in reservations such as Pine Ridge, which has the poorest county https://www.census.gov/library/visualizations/interactive/2014-2018-poverty-rate-by-county.html in the United States.
"I want to create community awareness, show by example how solar and renewable energies coincide with the Chippewa Cree belief system, the overall Native American belief system," said trainee Clyde Brown, 45, who plans to install solar power at the community college on his Rocky Boy's reservation, Montana.
Another goal is to create a Native American solar workforce to build big arrays in places like the Navajo Nation https://www.knau.org/post/navajo-nation-finalizes-solar-plant-leases-tribal-land and Pine Ridge https://rapidcityjournal.com/news/local/puc-approves-100-million-solar-project-on-pine-ridge-reservation/article_708bfd1e-dc14-5283-9fec-1df4fe643a6b.html and teach solar skills to the next generation.
"The people there have realized that energy sovereignty is more important to them and the only way they'll achieve that is focusing on the more renewable resources," said workshop instructor Chris Brooks, 48, from non-profit Remote Energy https://remoteenergy.org of moves by reservations to diversify away from oil and gas and coal-based power.
Nez hopes to start an installation business in a sector dominated by white https://www.reuters.com/business/energy/us-clean-energy-sector-must-expand-hiring-beyond-white-men-report-2021-09-09 men, driven by a way of life focused on the earth and elements.
"It's there, why are we not using it?" she said of solar power. (Reporting By Andrew Hay in Taos, New Mexico and Emilie Richardson in Pine Ridge, South Dakota; Editing by Marguerita Choy)
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