ACT Alliance: Rapid Response Fund Payment for Mt Rokatenda eruption, Indonesia

ACT Alliance - Switzerland - Mon, 15 Apr 2013 11:26 GMT
Author: Elisabeth Gouel
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Rapid Response Fund Payment Request No. 05/2013

Funds Sent To: Yakkum Emergency Unit (YEU)

Amount Sent: US$58,119               

Date: 15 April 2013                             

Details of Response

Emergency: Assistance to people displaced by Rokatenda eruptions, Palue Island, Sikka District, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia

Date of Emergency: 24 March 2013

ACT Requesting Member: Yakkum Emergency Unit



Rokatenda, an active volcano located on Palue Island in Sikka district in the province of East Nusa Tenggara, erupted again on 23 March 2013 and continued until the next day - 24 March 2013.  The ash plume caused considerable impact to the villages of Nitlung and Rokirole as well as other villages on the slope of the volcano causing families to evacuate their homes.    

Volcanic activity has been observed since October 2012 with significant increase of ash and material erupting from the volcano forcing the affected communities to evacuate.  The continuing volcanic activity has prevented them from returning to their villages.

Based on the official data from the National Agency on Disaster Response (BNPB) on 25 March 2013, since October 2012, 2,472 people have fled to camps in Maumere (the capital of Sikka district), 1,552 people to nearby towns, and 831 people to Maurole in Ende district.  Assistance provided since the eruptions started in October 2012 has not been sufficient to meet the most basic needs of the displaced communities.  If this situation continues and sufficient attention is not given to provide for needs such as health services to the IDPs, conditions will deteriorate further and casualties will increase. 


Current Situation and the needs identified in the area of proposed response

The local economy has also suffered massive loss since the initial eruption in October - loss of income from farming, trade and fishing. The current situation shows pressing needs that urgently need to be addressed; food, clean water, health services, respiratory masks, mattress, shelters (tents, tarpaulins), hygiene kits and school kits.

An account from an IDP indicated that in the camp where he is sheltering there are more than 40 families with only 4 latrines to accommodate all and no separate facilities for men and women.  Due to the lack of clean water and a communal kitchen, they have been forced to cook in a space outside the camp.  Some IDPs even sleep on the tarpaulins.   Since the camps were opened in October last year, three deaths have been confirmed (two of which were children under 5 years of age) due to insufficient health services and worsening hygiene conditions in the camps. 

Actions to Date

In February 2013 YEU provided 2,000 respiratory masks for the IDPs in Sikka and they are ensuring regular coordination with the Humanitarian Forum in Indonesia (HFI), Jaringan Rakyat Berdaya danS iaga in Indonesia (loosely translated: The Networking of Resilient People in Indonesia) and other local stakeholders. YEU’s local partner has distributed 153 kg rice and sufficient clean water in a one-off distribution.  Relief provided by the local authorities has been totally insufficient to cover the basic needs of the IDPs, thus outside humanitarian assistance is urgently required. 


Overall goal:

To facilitate and ensure the fulfilment of the basic needs and rights of the growing number of families  who cannot return to their homes due to the continuing eruptions, flooding and landslides and who remain in temporary shelter.  This will be approached in an accountable and gender sensitive manner. 

Proposed assistance:

Objective 1:  To provide immediate basic needs for around 1,200 people, affected directly by the eruption, through provision of food and non-food items, water-sanitation and health services.

Food-security:  distribution of food and cooking utensils.  Food items include: rice, cooking oil, sugar, assorted spices, tea, coffee, vegetables, meat/fish/eggs. Cooking utensils: gas stove, frying pan, traditional rice cooker, pail, cooking spoon, spatula, rice spoon, plates, glasses, spoons, water bucket with lid, rice bucket, gas-tubes.

Water, sanitation and hygiene:  distribution of clean water (bottled) along with hygiene kits comprising:  a blanket, towel, underwear for women, bath soap, laundry soap, tooth brush, tooth paste, comb, mosquito repellent and nail clippers. Hygiene kits for babies comprising reusable baby diapers, disposable baby diapers, powder, bath soap,  shampoo, cajuput oil, clothes and blanket, towel.  Hygiene kits for elderly people comprising blanket, towel, underwear for women, bath soap, laundry soap, tooth brush, tooth paste, comb, sarong and mosquito repellent.

Construction of emergency latrines:  construction of 10 emergency latrines in the temporary shelters.

Health:  Provide mobile medical services for the IDPs in the camps for a period of three months.

Non-food items:  provision of tarpaulins, mattresses, rain coats and boots.

Objective 2:  To develop emergency preparedness through capacity building in five camps.

Information:  sharing information on disease risk reduction and first aid.  Improve knowledge and skills in prevention and first-aid for possible post disaster outbreaks of disease. 

Advocacy initiatives:  for five villages – ensuring that the communities know their rights and that they have support from relevant stakeholders in meeting/fulfilling the rights of the communities, the IDPs and people living in the exclusion zone (including host communities). 

ACT Indonesia Forum plans to have this Rokatenda intervention serve as a showcase for local government. It will be utilized for advocating better basic rights fulfilment.

For the full text and budget, please click here.