US senator calls for action on forced labor in China's Xinjiang

by Reuters
Wednesday, 11 March 2020 09:48 GMT

A perimeter fence is seen at what is officially known as a vocational skills education centre in Dabancheng in Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, China, September 4, 2018. REUTERS/Thomas Peter

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Senator Bob Menendez says companies sourcing goods from Xinjiang region may be complicit in mass repression of Uighurs

WASHINGTON, March 10 (Reuters) - A senior U.S. senator accused U.S. firms on Tuesday of willfully ignoring "horrific" forced labor conditions in China's Xinjiang region, urging the Commerce Department to stop American firms and consumers from buying goods produced with such labor.

In a letter to Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross, Democratic Senator Bob Menendez said recent reports indicated a wide array of U.S. companies, including Apple, Kraft Heinz , Coca-Cola, and the Gap, had sourced, or continued to source, goods from Xinjiang.

"Moreover, there are consistent reports that U.S. companies fail to undertake basic labor and human rights assessments in Xinjiang, in essence wilfully ignoring the horrific conditions of forced labor in Xinjiang," Menendez, the ranking member of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, said in the letter.

"In failing to uphold their responsibilities to vet their supply chains, these companies may be complicit in the mass repression of Uighurs, ethnic Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, and members of other Muslim minority groups," he said.

The firms Menendez mentioned did not immediately respond to requests for comment.

On Wednesday, China denied instances of forced labour by Uighurs.

"The labour contracts are signed on the basis of equality and mutual consultation with the employer, and employees receive the appropriate compensation," foreign ministry spokesman Geng Shuang told a daily news briefing.

The United Nations estimates more than a million Muslim Uighurs have been detained in camps in Xinjiang in recent years. China denies it violates Uighur rights and says the camps are designed to stamp out terrorism and provide vocational skills.

Menendez, who has called for sanctions on China over the issue, also sought information about U.S. government contractors who source cotton from China, which produces 84% of its cotton in far western Xinjiang.

"The use of materials that are manufactured using forced labor is unacceptable for products in U.S. markets," he said in the letter.

In a report this month, an Australian think tank said tens of thousands of ethnic Uighurs had been transferred to work in factories across China supplying 83 global brands in conditions "that strongly suggest forced labor."

Nike Inc, which was included in that report, said in a statement on its website that while the company "does not directly source products from the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region," it had been conducting due diligence with suppliers in China to identify and assess potential risks related to employment of people from the region.

On Monday, the Washington-based Fair Labor Association, which runs due diligence for major multinational firms, said it was "deeply troubled by credible reports of forced labor and other violations of fundamental rights in Xinjiang."

It said, "We have directed our affiliates to review their direct and indirect sourcing relationships, identify alternative sourcing opportunities, and develop timebound plans to ensure that their sourcing is in line with the FLA's principles."

(Reporting by David Brunnstrom and Patricia Zengerle; additional reporting by Bhargav Acharya and Huizhong Wu in Beijing; Editing by Sonya Hepinstall and Clarence Fernandez)

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