Malnutrition stalks Congo's overcrowded prisons

by Reuters
Monday, 12 October 2020 08:00 GMT

Stephane Kambale, a Congolese inmate is seen through the secure wire fence inside the Central de Bunia prison in the northeast of town Bunia, Ituri province in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo September 23, 2020. REUTERS/Erikas Mwisi Kambale

Image Caption and Rights Information

Dozens of inmates died this year in Congo's Bunia Central Prison, where, like the rest of the country, overcrowding leaves little food to go around

By Erikas Mwisi Kambale

BUNIA, Democratic Republic of Congo, Oct 12 (Reuters) - Friends of 18-year-old Muno Lembissa said he died in prison from sorrow. The jail's director said malnutrition contributed to his demise, because he did not have visitors to bring in meals to feed him.

The teenager is one of dozens of inmates to die this year in the main prison in Bunia, in northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo, where, like the rest of the country, conditions are overcrowded and there is not enough food to go around.

Lembissa had been convicted of rape and sentenced to a year in jail.

"The sentence really upset him and as a consequence he started to lose weight," said David Ilopa, Lembissa's friend and fellow inmate.

"The worry and the hunger were hurting him," said another inmate, Detsuvi Elie.

Authorities monitored the Reuters interviews with both men, and it was not clear whether they felt able to speak freely about conditions in the jail.

But Camille Nzonzi Mokonyo, director of Bunia Central Prison, conceded that the lack of food was a factor.

"It wasn't only the punishment that tormented him, but also the malnutrition which led to his death," he told Reuters. "People who don't have visitors only eat what is available at the prison."

Built to house around 250 inmates, the grey concrete walls of the jail hold more than five times that number.

Meals are budgeted according to a prison's capacity rather than its population, so detainees like Lembissa, who have no family nearby to bring them food, rarely get more than one meal a day and have to rely on outside help.

"It is an undeniable fact that there is a need to put better effort in the management of prisons in our country," said Congo's human rights minister Andre Lite.

More than 50 prisoners have died of malnutrition at Bunia Central Prison since the start of 2020, according to the United Nations.

"Malnutrition is rife in prisons across Congo," said Thomas Fessy from Human Rights Watch. "If it wasn't for aid coming from local aid groups and charities and churches, most detainees wouldn't be fed at present." (Reporting by Erikas Mwisi Kambale; Writing by Hereward Holland; Editing by Bate Felix and Mike Collett-White)

We want to hear from you: what critical stories and perspectives are missing from our coverage of systemic racism around the world?

Your responses to our short survey will help shape our reporting.

You can submit your response anonymously. If you provide an email address, we may follow up with you for more information. Any information you share with us will remain strictly confidential and will be used only in accordance with our Privacy Statement.