Tapping new technology and old-fashioned community spirit, diverse initiatives around the world seek to make cities safer for women
By Kim Harrisberg
March 15 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - The murder in Britain of marketing executive Sarah Everard, who was abducted as she walked home in south London earlier this month, sparked nationwide protests on the weekend that ended in violent clashes with police.
Her killing has led many women to speak out about their fears of walking alone and experiences of being harassed or attacked by men in public, with calls for more action to be taken to address violence against women and abuse.
Globally, nearly one in three women worldwide is subjected to physical or sexual violence during her lifetime, according to the World Health Organization.
As Everard's murder leads women to share their everyday safety tips - like pretending to be on the phone and crossing the street to avoid groups of men, here are six initiatives from around the world that strive to make streets safer for women:
SAFETY APPS - India
Indian women are increasingly turning to apps like Safecity, My Safetipin and Himmat (courage) that let women anonymously report crimes, warn about danger hotspots and share data with each other, as well as with government agencies.
Nearly 100,000 people have made use of the My Safetipin app, which has expanded into other cities around the world such as Bogota, Hanoi and Mombasa.
WOMEN-ONLY TAXIS - Cape Town
In South Africa, recent police figures show more than 53,000 sexual assaults were reported in the year ending March 2020, stirring community activist Joanie Fredericks to launch a female-only taxi service earlier this year so women feel safe moving around Cape Town.
Based in the gang-ridden Cape Flats area, Fredericks quickly received requests from dozens of women desperate to get to work and school without being catcalled or assaulted.
ANTI-RAPE CLOTHING - Germany
Marathon runner Sandra Seilz survived an assault by three men that led her to launch a line of "anti-rape" shorts called Safe Shorts that use cut- and tear-resistant fabric and cords making it impossible for attackers to pull down, she said.
The shorts are fitted with a deafening 140-decibel alarm to deter attackers and Seilz distributes to customers in more than 35 countries including Japan, Canada, Australia and Libya.
STREET 'TRUMPET' PATROLLERS - Johannesburg
In South Africa's biggest township, Soweto, dozens of men and women sound their vuvuzelas - plastic trumpets originally used to cheer on soccer games - to let women know when it is safe to leave home.
Loud toots alert women heading out before sunrise that the safety patrollers are in the neighbourhood to escort them to public transport points, a grassroots initiative that community members say has reduced crime and brought peace of mind.
FEMALE MAPPERS - Latin America
Miriam Gonzalez founded Geochicas in 2016 when she realised that the majority of contributors adding data to OpenStreetMap (OSM), the world's biggest crowd-sourced map, were men.
Geochicas has since trained more than 230 women in 22 countries, mainly in Latin America, on how to use and contribute to online maps, finding that women add places used specifically by them - such as childcare services, domestic violence shelters and women's clinics, as well as street lighting.
SAFE PARKS - Kabul
After four decades of war, women in Afghanistan's capital are finding respite in more than half a dozen of the city's restored and upgraded parks, some of which admit only women and families on certain days.
With more than 75% of Kabul being informally settled, women have struggled to find public spaces to relax with friends, but the city's recent development plans include markets for women, as well as improved transportation networks to increase safety.
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(Reporting by Kim Harrisberg @kimharrisberg. Editing by Helen Popper. Please credit the Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charitable arm of Thomson Reuters, that covers the lives of people around the world who struggle to live freely or fairly. Visit http://news.trust.org)