Drought-hit Central America farmers save together to cope with climate change

by Anastasia Moloney | @anastasiabogota | Thomson Reuters Foundation
Tuesday, 30 August 2016 17:45 GMT

A woman shows a dry radish plant at her drought-affected plot, in the southern village of San Francisco de Coray, in the department of Valle, Honduras, in this August 13, 2015 file photo. REUTERS/Jorge Cabrera

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"Our fund is working well and it has helped me get through the terrible, long drought that destroyed all my harvests last year"

By Anastasia Moloney

BOGOTA, Aug 30 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - For Maria Francisca Ortiz, the drought that has gripped Honduras and decimated her last two harvests of beans and maize is the worst she can remember.

But she clings on to the hope that recent rains will encourage the crops she planted last week to grow.

"Everything is uncertain," the 52-year-old, who has five children to feed, told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.

"It started to rain a bit four days ago but these days you don't know how long the rains will last and if it will rain enough to make sure I get a harvest in November," Ortiz said by telephone from Choluteca province in southern Honduras.

Despite the uncertain future, Ortiz knows that if all else fails she has a safety net to help her withstand the drought.

As a member of an association of 46 farmers, Ortiz can borrow money at low interest rates from a shared savings fund that she and her fellow members contribute to every month.

Introduced by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the savings scheme has been adopted by 50 farmers' associations in Honduras and Guatemala.

Forty percent of the funds in each savings scheme is provided by the farmers, another 40 percent by the FAO and 20 percent is generated from the sale of textiles and other community projects.

"Our fund is working well and it has helped me get through the terrible, long drought that destroyed all my harvests last year. I lost everything," Ortiz said.

Last year Ortiz borrowed $150 from the fund at an interest rate of 1 percent.

"It's very important for me because we have many needs and we are poor. I've taken advantage of the fund and have bought food for the family and seeds," Ortiz said.

A view of corn crop, ruined by drought, in Baja Verapaz, Guatemala, in this September 23, 2009 file photo. REUTERS/Daniel LeClair

PROLONGED DROUGHT

Two consecutive years of severe drought linked to El Nino - a warming of the Pacific Ocean's surface that causes hot and drier conditions - have battered subsistence farmers in Central America's "dry corridor" running through Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras.

The drought has forced many families to cut meals. Around one in four Hondurans are affected by drought, according to the U.N. World Food Programme.

Central America is one of the regions most vulnerable to extreme weather linked to climate change like hurricanes, floods and drought, the FAO says.

"It rains in three days what it should rain in three months and we are seeing very hot days," said Diego Perez, FAO field specialist in Honduras.

The rural savings scheme is billed by the FAO as a crucial way of helping small scale farmers better cope with the drought and more frequent extreme weather.

"The fund helps farmers, especially subsistence farmers who rely 100 percent on agriculture for their livelihoods," Perez said.

"They don't have access to insurance and can't access credit at a traditional bank and afford their interest rates."

Perez said small scale farmers were also adapting to climate change by planting crops that need less water to grow like cassava and cucumber.

In 2014 and 2015, rural savings schemes in Guatemala and Honduras lent nearly $300,000 to its members, including money to deal with the drought.

To take part in the initiative, farmer associations have to adopt good agricultural practices like planting trees and vegetable gardens, manage water better, set up community seed banks and stop slash-and-burn clearing.

Farmers' associations also need to have early warning systems in place and other ways to generate income, like selling handmade textiles and setting up community shops.

Some farmers use loans to buy thread to make textiles they can then sell to supplement their income and put profits back into the fund.

The savings scheme has also bolstered the participation of women in local communities and has made it easier for women to access loans, the FAO says. On average around 70 percent of members of the farmers associations are women.

"I feel I'm important. I like participating in the fund, deciding how to spend the loan, and teaching my young children how to plant seeds," Ortiz said.

(Reporting by Anastasia Moloney, editing by Katie Nguyen.; Please credit the Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charitable arm of Thomson Reuters, that covers humanitarian news, women's rights, trafficking, corruption and climate change. Visit http://news.trust.org)

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